By Lise Alves, Contributing Reporter
MIAMI BEACH, FLORIDA – A new report by over 11,000 scientists in more than 153 countries states that earth is facing a climate emergency and offers six goals that all humankind must adopt to address this ‘calamity’.
“Scientists have a moral obligation to clearly warn humanity of any catastrophic threat and to ‘tell it like it is’,” begins the report published last week in BioScience, a peer-reviewed, monthly journal from the UK.
“We declare, with more than 11,000 scientist signatories from around the world, clearly and unequivocally that planet Earth is facing a climate emergency,” the report goes on to say.
According to them, most discussions on climate change are based on global surface temperature which they claim is ‘an inadequate measure to capture the breadth of human activities and the real dangers stemming from a warming planet’.
The climate crisis is closely linked to excessive consumption of the wealthy lifestyle, shows the report. The most affluent countries are mainly responsible for the historical GHG emissions and generally have the greatest per capita emissions.
To secure a sustainable future, they say, ‘we must change how we live’ and suggest six issues to work on: replacing fossil fuel with low-carbon renewables; reducing emission of climate pollutants such as methane and black carbon.
Also; protecting and restoring Earth’s ecosystems, including coral reefs, forests and savannas; eating mostly plant-based foods and reducing global consumption of animal products.
Finally; halting excessive extraction of minerals to maintain long-term sustainability of the biosphere; and reducing the world’s population through effective policies that strengthen human rights while lowering fertility rates.
According to the report, ‘mitigating and adapting to climate change entails major transformations in the ways our global society functions and interacts with natural ecosystems’, but scientists say they are encouraged by the recent widespread show of concern, from schoolchildren to government officials.
“We believe that the prospects will be greatest if decision-makers and all of humanity promptly respond to this warning and declaration of a climate emergency and act to sustain life on planet Earth, our only home,” conclude the report.