By Lise Alves, Contributing Reporter
MIAMI BEACH, FLORIDA – The United States has formally announced to the United Nations it has begun the process of pulling out of the Paris Accord. The pact set up guidelines to protect the world against climate change, by limiting the increase in the earth’s temperature to below 1.5 C.
“Today we begin the formal process of withdrawing from the Paris Agreement. The U.S. is proud of our record as a world leader in reducing all emissions, fostering resilience, growing our economy and ensuring energy for our citizens. Ours is a realistic and pragmatic model,” wrote U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo in his social media account.
The withdrawal of the U.S. from the accord has been promised by U.S. President Donald Trump since the beginning of his term in office in 2016.
The U.S. issued the statement on the first possible day of withdrawal, since according to the agreement no countries could pull out of the accord in the first three years of the ratification, signed November 4, 2016.
Criticism to the U.S. withdrawal came from both inside and outside the country. “Abandoning the Paris Agreement is an abdication of leadership that the vast majority of Americans oppose. Americans want action on climate change, and it’s up to the public to deliver what Washington won’t – and we are,” said United Nations Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Climate Action and former New York City mayor, Michael Bloomberg on his website.
“The withdrawal of the United States from the Paris Agreement means that the rest of us must further increase our cooperation,” said the Environment Minister for the European Council, Krista Mikkonen, in a statement.
The fear is that, without the U.S. cooperation in reducing emissions, other nations will also not meet their goals.
As of March 2019, 195 country members of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) had signed the agreement.
The U.S. withdrawal process will take one year, ending the day after the US’s presidential elections in 2020.